dplyr – Unifying variable level names based on manual entry text variations in R

The data I am using are based on self completed, mannually entered text responses to a questionnaire.

The problem is, especially with regards to fish species, people abbreviate, call them by different names, spell things wrong, etc.

How do I take all of the related names in a series of three columns and make them into one unified name so that I can perform analysis on them?

structure(list(species_1_target = c("Blacktail", "Craker", "Black tail", 
"Musselcracker", "Musselcracker", "Garick", "White musselcracker", 
"Blacktails", "Kob", "Any", "White cracker", "Musslecrack", "Galjoen", 
"Cracker", "Blacktail", "White Musselcracker", "Blacktail", "Anything", 
"poensie", "cracker", "cracker", "cracker", "glajoen", "blacktail", 
"steenie", "Musselcracker white", "Steenbras"), species_2_target = c("Steenbras", 
"Steambrass", NA, "Elf", "Galjoen", "Elf", "Black musselcracker", 
"Stumpnose", "Bluefish", NA, "Blacktail", "Steenie", "Kob", "Poensie", 
NA, NA, "Steenies", NA, "cracker", "galjoen", NA, NA, NA, "cracker", 
"blacktail", "Black musselcracker", "Galjoen"), species_3_target = c("Octopus", 
"Black tail", NA, "Steenbrass", NA, "Kob", "Kob", "Sandshark", 
"Steen ras", NA, NA, "Kob", NA, "Kob", NA, NA, "Sandsharks", 
NA, "gully shark", "gully shark", NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "Kob", 
NA)), class = "data.frame", row.names = 3:29)

For example: “black tail”, “blacktail”, “Black Tail”, “Blacktail” etc. could all be renamed “blacktail” “Steenies”, “steenbras”, “steenie”, “steambras” -> “Steenbras”

Is there a way to do this using partial string matching to save time/effort?

I know how to manually rename each one, however, there are over 150 rows in the full data and having to find and rename each unique variation can be tedious to say the least. Additionally, data entries are ongoing so the list of inaccurately entered species names will likely continue to grow.

Update:

full df minus some rows

    structure(list(location = c("Our kai huis seaview", "Maitlands", 
"Maitlands", "Beachview", "Maitlands", "Seaview", "Seavi", "Maitlands", 
"Seaview", "Maitlands", "Maitlands", "Maitlands", "..maitlands", 
"Maitlands", "Maitlands", "Maitlands", "Maitlands", "Maitlands", 
"Maitlands", "Maitlands", "Maitlands", "maitlands", "Maitlands", 
"Maitlands", "Seaview", "Seaview", "Port Alfred", "Port Alfred", 
"Port Alfred", "Port Alfred", "Port Alfred", "Bluewater Bay", 
"Bluewater Bay", "Bluewater Bay", "Bluewater Bay", "Cape Recife", 
"Cape Recife", "Cape recife", "Cape recife", "Cape Recife", "Cape recife"
), days = c("209", "132", "45", "189", "192", "27", "98", "97", 
"51", "99", "18", "106", "12", "60", "30", "100", "52", "10", 
"260", "175", "110", "175", "10", "24", "50", "100", "15", "60", 
"20", "100", "60", "30", "101", "12", "24", "69", "50", "200", 
"50", "150", "60"), satis_catch = structure(c(3L, 5L, 5L, NA, 
4L, 4L, 5L, 4L, 2L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 3L, 5L, 4L, 
3L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 
4L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 4L), levels = c("Very Unimportant", "Slightly Unimportant", 
"Neither unimportant nor important", "Slightly Important", "Very Important"
), class = "factor"), satis_harvest = structure(c(3L, 5L, 4L, 
4L, 2L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 1L, 5L, 4L, 2L, 2L, 5L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 
1L, 2L, 5L, 3L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 2L, 5L, 4L, 1L, 4L, 5L, 3L, 
4L, 2L, 4L, 3L, 5L, 4L), levels = c("Very Unimportant", "Slightly Unimportant", 
"Neither unimportant nor important", "Slightly Important", "Very Important"
), class = "factor"), satis_size = structure(c(3L, 5L, 4L, 5L, 
4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 2L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 
5L, 5L, 1L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 
4L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 5L), levels = c("Very Unimportant", "Slightly Unimportant", 
"Neither unimportant nor important", "Slightly Important", "Very Important"
), class = "factor"), satis_scenery = structure(c(4L, 4L, 3L, 
5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 3L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 5L, 
5L, 5L, 5L, 1L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 2L, 4L, 4L, 2L, 3L, 1L, 
3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 4L), levels = c("Very Unimportant", "Slightly Unimportant", 
"Neither unimportant nor important", "Slightly Important", "Very Important"
), class = "factor"), satis_facility = structure(c(4L, 4L, 2L, 
4L, 5L, 5L, 1L, 1L, 4L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 3L, 3L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 
4L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 1L, 4L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 4L, 2L, 4L, 3L, 
2L, 3L, 1L, 3L, 3L, 3L), levels = c("Very Unimportant", "Slightly Unimportant", 
"Neither unimportant nor important", "Slightly Important", "Very Important"
), class = "factor"), satis_crowding = structure(c(1L, 4L, 4L, 
3L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 3L, 5L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 
2L, 5L, 4L, 2L, 4L, 4L, 2L, 3L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 3L, 2L, 4L, 
4L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 2L, 5L), levels = c("Very Unimportant", "Slightly Unimportant", 
"Neither unimportant nor important", "Slightly Important", "Very Important"
), class = "factor"), satis_mastery = structure(c(4L, 4L, 4L, 
4L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 1L, 5L, 2L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 1L, 4L, 5L, 1L, 5L, 
4L, 5L, 5L, 1L, 3L, 3L, 4L, 2L, 2L, 4L, 2L, 3L, 5L, 5L, 2L, 5L, 
2L, 4L, 5L, 4L, 3L, 4L), levels = c("Very Unimportant", "Slightly Unimportant", 
"Neither unimportant nor important", "Slightly Important", "Very Important"
), class = "factor"), satis_relax = structure(c(5L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 
4L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 5L, NA, 4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 
5L, 5L, 1L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 
3L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 4L), levels = c("Very Unimportant", "Slightly Unimportant", 
"Neither unimportant nor important", "Slightly Important", "Very Important"
), class = "factor"), satis_social = structure(c(5L, 4L, 3L, 
3L, 5L, 5L, 1L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 2L, 4L, 3L, 2L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 3L, 3L, 
5L, 2L, 5L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 1L, 2L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 3L, 
3L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 4L), levels = c("Very Unimportant", "Slightly Unimportant", 
"Neither unimportant nor important", "Slightly Important", "Very Important"
), class = "factor"), satis_access = structure(c(3L, 4L, 4L, 
4L, 4L, 4L, 1L, 4L, 5L, 3L, 2L, 5L, 2L, 3L, 3L, 5L, 5L, 3L, 4L, 
3L, 3L, 5L, 4L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 5L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 4L, 2L, 2L, 4L, 2L, 
3L, 2L, 4L, 3L, 2L, 3L), levels = c("Very Unimportant", "Slightly Unimportant", 
"Neither unimportant nor important", "Slightly Important", "Very Important"
), class = "factor"), satis_waterquality = structure(c(4L, 5L, 
2L, 5L, 4L, 5L, 2L, 5L, 4L, 1L, 1L, 4L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 
4L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 3L, 2L, 3L, 1L, 3L, 1L, 3L, 1L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 3L, 
1L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 4L), levels = c("Very Unimportant", "Slightly Unimportant", 
"Neither unimportant nor important", "Slightly Important", "Very Important"
), class = "factor"), target_edibles = c("Edibles", "Edibles", 
"Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", 
"Edibles", NA, "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", 
"Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", 
"Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", 
"Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", NA, "Edibles", "Edibles", 
"Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", "Edibles", 
"Edibles"), target_inedibles = c(NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, 
"Inedibles", NA, "Inedibles", NA, NA, NA, "Inedibles", NA, NA, 
NA, NA, "Inedibles", "Inedibles", NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, 
"Inedibles", NA, "Inedibles", NA, "Inedibles", "Inedibles", "Inedibles", 
NA, NA, "Inedibles", "Inedibles", NA, NA, NA), species_1_target = c("Blacktail", 
"Craker", "Black tail", "Musselcracker", "Musselcracker", "Garick", 
"White musselcracker", "Blacktails", "Kob", "Any", "White cracker", 
"Musslecrack", "Galjoen", "Cracker", "Blacktail", "White Musselcracker", 
"Blacktail", "Anything", "poensie", "cracker", "cracker", "cracker", 
"glajoen", "blacktail", "steenie", "Musselcracker white", "Steenbras", 
"Poensie", "blacktail", "Steenbras", "Kob", "Bronzies", "Kob", 
"any", "garrick", "White cracker", "poenskop", "Poensie", "Blacktail", 
"shad", "cob"), species_2_target = c("Steenbras", "Steambrass", 
NA, "Elf", "Galjoen", "Elf", "Black musselcracker", "Stumpnose", 
"Bluefish", NA, "Blacktail", "Steenie", "Kob", "Poensie", NA, 
NA, "Steenies", NA, "cracker", "galjoen", NA, NA, NA, "cracker", 
"blacktail", "Black musselcracker", "Galjoen", "galjoen", "steenbras", 
"Garrick", "Garrick", "Raggies", "Raggies", NA, "elf", "kob", 
"dogshark", "Galjoen", "cracker", NA, NA), species_3_target = c("Octopus", 
"Black tail", NA, "Steenbrass", NA, "Kob", "Kob", "Sandshark", 
"Steen ras", NA, NA, "Kob", NA, "Kob", NA, NA, "Sandsharks", 
NA, "gully shark", "gully shark", NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "Kob", 
NA, "blacktail", "black musselcracker", "kob", NA, "Pajamas", 
"Sandsharks", NA, NA, "shad", "Cracker", "Kob", "kob", NA, NA
), most_satisf_ebible = c("Relax", "Catch", "Catch", "Relax", 
"Scenery", "Relax", "Catch", "Catch", "Catch", NA, "Catch", "Relax", 
"Catch", "Water Quality", "Social", "Catch", "Scenery", "Scenery", 
"Catch", "Catch", "Size", "Relax", "Catch", "Harvest", "Harvest", 
"Catch", "Harvest", "Harvest", "Catch", "Harvest", "Catch", NA, 
"Harvest", "Catch", "Catch", "Harvest", "Catch", "Catch", "Harvest", 
"Harvest", "Catch"), least_satisf_edible = c("Size", NA, "Water Quality", 
"Catch", "Accessibility", NA, NA, "Accessibility", "Social", 
NA, "Water Quality", "Catch", "Harvest", "Harvest", "Mastery", 
"Water Quality", "Size", "Mastery", "Harvest", "Harvest", "Scenery", 
"Facilities", "Crowds", "Water Quality", "Facilities", NA, "Crowds", 
"Crowds", "Harvest", "Facilities", "Crowds", NA, "Facilities", 
"Accessibility", "Facilities", "Facilities", "Accessibility", 
"Water Quality", "Water Quality", "Accessibility", "Facilities"
), most_satisf_inedible = c(NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "Mastery", 
NA, "Scenery", NA, NA, NA, "Water Quality", NA, NA, NA, NA, "Catch", 
"Catch", NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "Size", NA, "Size", NA, 
"Size", "Size", "Catch", NA, NA, "Size", "Catch", NA, NA, NA), 
    least_satisf_inedible = c(NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "Size", 
    NA, "Water Quality", NA, NA, NA, "Harvest", NA, NA, NA, NA, 
    "Harvest", "Harvest", NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, NA, "Water Quality", 
    NA, "Mastery", NA, "Harvest", "Harvest", "Mastery", NA, NA, 
    "Harvest", "Water Quality", NA, NA, NA), release_undersize = structure(c(5L, 
    5L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 3L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 
    5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 5L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 4L, 5L, 
    4L, 5L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 4L), levels = c("Never", 
    "Rarely", "About half the time", "Frequently", "Always"), class = "factor"), 
    release_edible = structure(c(1L, 2L, 4L, 2L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 
    3L, NA, 3L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 2L, 5L, 5L, 3L, 4L, 
    2L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 
    4L, 4L, 4L, 4L), levels = c("Never", "Rarely", "About half the time", 
    "Frequently", "Always"), class = "factor"), release_legal = structure(c(1L, 
    1L, 4L, 2L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 5L, 3L, 1L, 2L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 5L, 2L, 
    4L, 3L, 5L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 5L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 4L, 4L, 3L, 
    4L, 2L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L), levels = c("Never", 
    "Rarely", "About half the time", "Frequently", "Always"), class = "factor"), 
    release_prohib = structure(c(1L, 1L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 3L, 
    4L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 3L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 
    1L, 4L, 5L, 2L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 
    4L, 4L, 5L, 3L), levels = c("Never", "Rarely", "About half the time", 
    "Frequently", "Always"), class = "factor"), release_revived = structure(c(3L, 
    5L, 3L, 3L, 5L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 5L, 
    4L, 3L, 3L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 
    5L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 3L), levels = c("Never", 
    "Rarely", "About half the time", "Frequently", "Always"), class = "factor"), 
    release_other_undersized = structure(c(4L, 5L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 
    3L, 3L, 3L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 
    4L, 2L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 
    4L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 3L), levels = c("Never", "Rarely", "About half the time", 
    "Frequently", "Always"), class = "factor"), release_other_edible = structure(c(4L, 
    2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 
    3L, 4L, 3L, 2L, 3L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 
    2L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L), levels = c("Never", 
    "Rarely", "About half the time", "Frequently", "Always"), class = "factor"), 
    release_other_legal = structure(c(3L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 
    2L, 1L, 3L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 1L, 2L, 1L, 1L, 2L, 4L, 3L, 2L, 4L, 
    3L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 3L, 4L, 2L, 3L, 
    3L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L), levels = c("Never", "Rarely", "About half the time", 
    "Frequently", "Always"), class = "factor"), release_other_prohib = structure(c(3L, 
    1L, 2L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 2L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 2L, 4L, 
    3L, 4L, 4L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 1L, 3L, 2L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 4L, 
    4L, 4L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 2L), levels = c("Never", 
    "Rarely", "About half the time", "Frequently", "Always"), class = "factor"), 
    release_other_revived = structure(c(3L, 5L, 2L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 
    2L, 3L, 2L, 4L, 2L, 1L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 4L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 5L, 
    3L, 4L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 2L, 4L, 4L, 3L, 
    3L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 2L), levels = c("Never", "Rarely", "About half the time", 
    "Frequently", "Always"), class = "factor"), percent_survive_eds = c("56", 
    "100", "55", "100", "45", "5", "61", "9", "100", "75", "22", 
    "50", "44", "51", "75", "90", "80", "70", "70", "75", "100", 
    "80", "75", "60", "20", NA, "50", "30", "80", "60", "80", 
    "40", "75", "90", "60", "85", "60", "90", "50", "100", "80"
    ), percent_survive_ineds = c("50", "100", "88", "90", "70", 
    "6", "41", "21", "100", "75", "50", "80", "100", "51", "75", 
    "90", "87", "70", "85", "85", "75", "80", "75", "81", "75", 
    NA, "80", "75", "60", "75", "90", "95", "80", "90", "50", 
    "90", "80", "95", "75", "100", "80"), effective_MPA = structure(c(4L, 
    5L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 
    5L, NA, 4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 5L, NA, 5L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 
    5L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 4L), levels = c("Strongly disagree", 
    "Somewhat disagree", "Neither agree nor disagree", "Somewhat agree", 
    "Strongly agree"), class = "factor"), effective_CR = structure(c(3L, 
    4L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 
    4L, NA, 5L, 5L, 2L, 5L, 4L, 5L, 2L, NA, 4L, 2L, 5L, 3L, 4L, 
    5L, 5L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 5L, 4L, 2L, 5L, 4L), levels = c("Strongly disagree", 
    "Somewhat disagree", "Neither agree nor disagree", "Somewhat agree", 
    "Strongly agree"), class = "factor"), support_CAREzone = structure(c(1L, 
    5L, 3L, 1L, 4L, 4L, 5L, 3L, 5L, 1L, 2L, 5L, 5L, 1L, 2L, 4L, 
    4L, 3L, 5L, 5L, 1L, 5L, 4L, 1L, 2L, NA, 1L, 2L, 4L, 1L, 2L, 
    5L, 4L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 4L, 1L, 2L, 1L, 2L), levels = c("Strongly oppose", 
    "Oppose", "Neither oppose nor support", "Support", "Strongly Support"
    ), class = "factor"), age = c("32", "41", "63", "56", "63", 
    "33", "31", "32", "47", "58", "29", "47", "64", "41", "23", 
    "71", "23", "33", "37", "37", "35", "75", NA, "40", "61", 
    NA, "62", "46", "38", "65", "31", "42", "46", "29", "25", 
    "20", "31", "67", "18", "66", "40"), income = structure(c(2L, 
    NA, 3L, NA, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, NA, 2L, 3L, 3L, 3L, NA, 3L, 3L, 
    2L, NA, NA, 3L, NA, NA, 3L, 3L, 3L, NA, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, NA, 
    NA, 3L, NA, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 2L, 3L, NA), levels = c("R0", 
    "R1-R19,200", "R19,201-R307,200", "R301,201 and above"), class = "factor"), 
    employment = structure(c(3L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 
    3L, 1L, 3L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 4L, 2L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 4L, 
    3L, 4L, NA, 4L, 3L, 3L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 3L, 2L, 3L, 4L, 
    2L, 4L, 3L), levels = c("Unemployed", "Student", "Employed", 
    "Retired"), class = "factor"), education = structure(c(2L, 
    5L, 2L, 2L, 5L, 2L, 5L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 4L, 3L, 3L, 
    2L, 5L, 2L, 2L, 4L, 3L, NA, 3L, 2L, NA, 3L, 3L, 4L, 2L, 4L, 
    NA, 2L, 4L, 3L, 2L, 3L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 5L), levels = c("Pre-matric", 
    "Matric", "Professional Certificate", "Undergraduate degree", 
    "Postgraduate degree"), class = "factor")), row.names = 3:43, class = "data.frame")

I have tried the method suggested in the comments below regarding the tidyverse solution but it doesn’t change the names… at all. Not sure why.

 df %>%  
  mutate(across(.cols= 16:18, ~ str_to_lower(.x)),
         across(.cols =16:18, 
                ~ case_when(str_detect(.x, "tail") ~ "blacktail",
                            str_detect(.x, "teen") ~ "steenbras",
                            str_detect(.x, "bras") ~ "steenbras",
                            str_detect(.x, "lack m") ~ "poenskop",
                            str_detect(.x, "poen") ~ "poenskop",
                            str_detect(.x, "cracker") ~ "white musselcracker",
                            str_detect(.x, "hite") ~ "white musselcracker",
                            str_detect(.x, "crak") ~ "white musselcracker",
                            str_detect(.x, "musslecrack") ~ "white musselcracker",
                            str_detect(.x, "andsh") ~ "sandshark",
                            str_detect(.x, "ully") ~ "spotted gully",
                            str_detect(.x, "rick") ~ "garrick",
                            str_detect(.x, "luef") ~ "bronze bream",
                            str_detect(.x, "onze") ~ "bronze bream",
                            str_detect(.x, "joen") ~ "galjoen",

                            TRUE ~ .x) ),
         across(.cols=16:18, ~ str_to_title(.x)))

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