flutter – Problem with write data over flutter_blue

I have a Question to Flutter with Bluetooth. I Use the Flutter_blue package https://pub.dev/packages/flutter_blue How I can write data external over a Future or a Void. I use the code of the documentation Example of Flutter_blue. Just I will extend this with my own void to write data every 5 seconds.

Here is my code that I want to control

import 'dart:convert';
import 'package:flutter_blue/flutter_blue.dart';

class SecondBlue {
  BluetoothCharacteristic targetCharacteristic;

  SecondBlue(this.targetCharacteristic);
      writeData(String data) async {
          if (targetCharacteristic == null) return;

          List<int> bytes = utf8.encode(data);
          await targetCharacteristic.write(bytes);
        }
} 

i would like after the first bluetooth part provides the connection write data about this part at any time.

here is the code of flutter_blue to connect the device.

The main part:

// Copyright 2017, Paul DeMarco.
// All rights reserved. Use of this source code is governed by a
// BSD-style license that can be found in the LICENSE file.

import 'dart:async';
import 'dart:math';

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_blue/flutter_blue.dart';
import 'package:flutter_blue_example/widgets.dart';

void main() {
  runApp(FlutterBlueApp());
}

class FlutterBlueApp extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      color: Colors.lightBlue,
      home: StreamBuilder<BluetoothState>(
          stream: FlutterBlue.instance.state,
          initialData: BluetoothState.unknown,
          builder: (c, snapshot) {
            final state = snapshot.data;
            if (state == BluetoothState.on) {
              return FindDevicesScreen();
            }
            return BluetoothOffScreen(state: state);
          }),
    );
  }
}

class BluetoothOffScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  const BluetoothOffScreen({Key? key, this.state}) : super(key: key);

  final BluetoothState? state;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      backgroundColor: Colors.lightBlue,
      body: Center(
        child: Column(
          mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.min,
          children: <Widget>[
            Icon(
              Icons.bluetooth_disabled,
              size: 200.0,
              color: Colors.white54,
            ),
            Text(
              'Bluetooth Adapter is ${state != null ? state.toString().substring(15) : 'not available'}.',
              style: Theme.of(context)
                  .primaryTextTheme
                  .subhead
                  ?.copyWith(color: Colors.white),
            ),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

class FindDevicesScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text('Find Devices'),
      ),
      body: RefreshIndicator(
        onRefresh: () =>
            FlutterBlue.instance.startScan(timeout: Duration(seconds: 4)),
        child: SingleChildScrollView(
          child: Column(
            children: <Widget>[
              StreamBuilder<List<BluetoothDevice>>(
                stream: Stream.periodic(Duration(seconds: 2))
                    .asyncMap((_) => FlutterBlue.instance.connectedDevices),
                initialData: [],
                builder: (c, snapshot) => Column(
                  children: snapshot.data!
                      .map((d) => ListTile(
                            title: Text(d.name),
                            subtitle: Text(d.id.toString()),
                            trailing: StreamBuilder<BluetoothDeviceState>(
                              stream: d.state,
                              initialData: BluetoothDeviceState.disconnected,
                              builder: (c, snapshot) {
                                if (snapshot.data ==
                                    BluetoothDeviceState.connected) {
                                  return RaisedButton(
                                    child: Text('OPEN'),
                                    onPressed: () => Navigator.of(context).push(
                                        MaterialPageRoute(
                                            builder: (context) =>
                                                DeviceScreen(device: d))),
                                  );
                                }
                                return Text(snapshot.data.toString());
                              },
                            ),
                          ))
                      .toList(),
                ),
              ),
              StreamBuilder<List<ScanResult>>(
                stream: FlutterBlue.instance.scanResults,
                initialData: [],
                builder: (c, snapshot) => Column(
                  children: snapshot.data!
                      .map(
                        (r) => ScanResultTile(
                          result: r,
                          onTap: () => Navigator.of(context)
                              .push(MaterialPageRoute(builder: (context) {
                            r.device.connect();
                            return DeviceScreen(device: r.device);
                          })),
                        ),
                      )
                      .toList(),
                ),
              ),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      ),
      floatingActionButton: StreamBuilder<bool>(
        stream: FlutterBlue.instance.isScanning,
        initialData: false,
        builder: (c, snapshot) {
          if (snapshot.data!) {
            return FloatingActionButton(
              child: Icon(Icons.stop),
              onPressed: () => FlutterBlue.instance.stopScan(),
              backgroundColor: Colors.red,
            );
          } else {
            return FloatingActionButton(
                child: Icon(Icons.search),
                onPressed: () => FlutterBlue.instance
                    .startScan(timeout: Duration(seconds: 4)));
          }
        },
      ),
    );
  }
}

class DeviceScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  const DeviceScreen({Key? key, required this.device}) : super(key: key);

  final BluetoothDevice device;

  List<int> _getRandomBytes() {
    final math = Random();
    return [
      math.nextInt(255),
      math.nextInt(255),
      math.nextInt(255),
      math.nextInt(255)
    ];
  }

  List<Widget> _buildServiceTiles(List<BluetoothService> services) {
    return services
        .map(
          (s) => ServiceTile(
            service: s,
            characteristicTiles: s.characteristics
                .map(
                  (c) => CharacteristicTile(
                    characteristic: c,
                    onReadPressed: () => c.read(),
                    onWritePressed: () async {
                      await c.write(_getRandomBytes(), withoutResponse: true);
                      await c.read();
                    },
                    onNotificationPressed: () async {
                      await c.setNotifyValue(!c.isNotifying);
                      await c.read();
                    },
                    descriptorTiles: c.descriptors
                        .map(
                          (d) => DescriptorTile(
                            descriptor: d,
                            onReadPressed: () => d.read(),
                            onWritePressed: () => d.write(_getRandomBytes()),
                          ),
                        )
                        .toList(),
                  ),
                )
                .toList(),
          ),
        )
        .toList();
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      appBar: AppBar(
        title: Text(device.name),
        actions: <Widget>[
          StreamBuilder<BluetoothDeviceState>(
            stream: device.state,
            initialData: BluetoothDeviceState.connecting,
            builder: (c, snapshot) {
              VoidCallback? onPressed;
              String text;
              switch (snapshot.data) {
                case BluetoothDeviceState.connected:
                  onPressed = () => device.disconnect();
                  text="DISCONNECT";
                  break;
                case BluetoothDeviceState.disconnected:
                  onPressed = () => device.connect();
                  text="CONNECT";
                  break;
                default:
                  onPressed = null;
                  text = snapshot.data.toString().substring(21).toUpperCase();
                  break;
              }
              return FlatButton(
                  onPressed: onPressed,
                  child: Text(
                    text,
                    style: Theme.of(context)
                        .primaryTextTheme
                        .button
                        ?.copyWith(color: Colors.white),
                  ));
            },
          )
        ],
      ),
      body: SingleChildScrollView(
        child: Column(
          children: <Widget>[
            StreamBuilder<BluetoothDeviceState>(
              stream: device.state,
              initialData: BluetoothDeviceState.connecting,
              builder: (c, snapshot) => ListTile(
                leading: (snapshot.data == BluetoothDeviceState.connected)
                    ? Icon(Icons.bluetooth_connected)
                    : Icon(Icons.bluetooth_disabled),
                title: Text(
                    'Device is ${snapshot.data.toString().split('.')[1]}.'),
                subtitle: Text('${device.id}'),
                trailing: StreamBuilder<bool>(
                  stream: device.isDiscoveringServices,
                  initialData: false,
                  builder: (c, snapshot) => IndexedStack(
                    index: snapshot.data! ? 1 : 0,
                    children: <Widget>[
                      IconButton(
                        icon: Icon(Icons.refresh),
                        onPressed: () => device.discoverServices(),
                      ),
                      IconButton(
                        icon: SizedBox(
                          child: CircularProgressIndicator(
                            valueColor: AlwaysStoppedAnimation(Colors.grey),
                          ),
                          width: 18.0,
                          height: 18.0,
                        ),
                        onPressed: null,
                      )
                    ],
                  ),
                ),
              ),
            ),
            StreamBuilder<int>(
              stream: device.mtu,
              initialData: 0,
              builder: (c, snapshot) => ListTile(
                title: Text('MTU Size'),
                subtitle: Text('${snapshot.data} bytes'),
                trailing: IconButton(
                  icon: Icon(Icons.edit),
                  onPressed: () => device.requestMtu(223),
                ),
              ),
            ),
            StreamBuilder<List<BluetoothService>>(
              stream: device.services,
              initialData: [],
              builder: (c, snapshot) {
                return Column(
                  children: _buildServiceTiles(snapshot.data!),
                );
              },
            ),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

and here the second Part:

// Copyright 2017, Paul DeMarco.
// All rights reserved. Use of this source code is governed by a
// BSD-style license that can be found in the LICENSE file.

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_blue/flutter_blue.dart';

class ScanResultTile extends StatelessWidget {
  const ScanResultTile({Key? key, required this.result, this.onTap})
      : super(key: key);

  final ScanResult result;
  final VoidCallback? onTap;

  Widget _buildTitle(BuildContext context) {
    if (result.device.name.length > 0) {
      return Column(
        mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.start,
        crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.start,
        children: <Widget>[
          Text(
            result.device.name,
            overflow: TextOverflow.ellipsis,
          ),
          Text(
            result.device.id.toString(),
            style: Theme.of(context).textTheme.caption,
          )
        ],
      );
    } else {
      return Text(result.device.id.toString());
    }
  }

  Widget _buildAdvRow(BuildContext context, String title, String value) {
    return Padding(
      padding: EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 16.0, vertical: 4.0),
      child: Row(
        crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.start,
        children: <Widget>[
          Text(title, style: Theme.of(context).textTheme.caption),
          SizedBox(
            width: 12.0,
          ),
          Expanded(
            child: Text(
              value,
              style: Theme.of(context)
                  .textTheme
                  .caption
                  ?.apply(color: Colors.black),
              softWrap: true,
            ),
          ),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }

  String getNiceHexArray(List<int> bytes) {
    return '[${bytes.map((i) => i.toRadixString(16).padLeft(2, '0')).join(', ')}]'
        .toUpperCase();
  }

  String getNiceManufacturerData(Map<int, List<int>> data) {
    if (data.isEmpty) {
      return 'N/A';
    }
    List<String> res = [];
    data.forEach((id, bytes) {
      res.add(
          '${id.toRadixString(16).toUpperCase()}: ${getNiceHexArray(bytes)}');
    });
    return res.join(', ');
  }

  String getNiceServiceData(Map<String, List<int>> data) {
    if (data.isEmpty) {
      return 'N/A';
    }
    List<String> res = [];
    data.forEach((id, bytes) {
      res.add('${id.toUpperCase()}: ${getNiceHexArray(bytes)}');
    });
    return res.join(', ');
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ExpansionTile(
      title: _buildTitle(context),
      leading: Text(result.rssi.toString()),
      trailing: RaisedButton(
        child: Text('CONNECT'),
        color: Colors.black,
        textColor: Colors.white,
        onPressed: (result.advertisementData.connectable) ? onTap : null,
      ),
      children: <Widget>[
        _buildAdvRow(
            context, 'Complete Local Name', result.advertisementData.localName),
        _buildAdvRow(context, 'Tx Power Level',
            '${result.advertisementData.txPowerLevel ?? 'N/A'}'),
        _buildAdvRow(context, 'Manufacturer Data',
            getNiceManufacturerData(result.advertisementData.manufacturerData)),
        _buildAdvRow(
            context,
            'Service UUIDs',
            (result.advertisementData.serviceUuids.isNotEmpty)
                ? result.advertisementData.serviceUuids.join(', ').toUpperCase()
                : 'N/A'),
        _buildAdvRow(context, 'Service Data',
            getNiceServiceData(result.advertisementData.serviceData)),
      ],
    );
  }
}

class ServiceTile extends StatelessWidget {
  final BluetoothService service;
  final List<CharacteristicTile> characteristicTiles;

  const ServiceTile(
      {Key? key, required this.service, required this.characteristicTiles})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    if (characteristicTiles.length > 0) {
      return ExpansionTile(
        title: Column(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
          crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.start,
          children: <Widget>[
            Text('Service'),
            Text('0x${service.uuid.toString().toUpperCase().substring(4, 8)}',
                style: Theme.of(context).textTheme.body1?.copyWith(
                    color: Theme.of(context).textTheme.caption?.color))
          ],
        ),
        children: characteristicTiles,
      );
    } else {
      return ListTile(
        title: Text('Service'),
        subtitle:
            Text('0x${service.uuid.toString().toUpperCase().substring(4, 8)}'),
      );
    }
  }
}

class CharacteristicTile extends StatelessWidget {
  final BluetoothCharacteristic characteristic;
  final List<DescriptorTile> descriptorTiles;
  final VoidCallback? onReadPressed;
  final VoidCallback? onWritePressed;
  final VoidCallback? onNotificationPressed;

  const CharacteristicTile(
      {Key? key,
      required this.characteristic,
      required this.descriptorTiles,
      this.onReadPressed,
      this.onWritePressed,
      this.onNotificationPressed})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return StreamBuilder<List<int>>(
      stream: characteristic.value,
      initialData: characteristic.lastValue,
      builder: (c, snapshot) {
        final value = snapshot.data;
        return ExpansionTile(
          title: ListTile(
            title: Column(
              mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
              crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.start,
              children: <Widget>[
                Text('Characteristic'),
                Text(
                    '0x${characteristic.uuid.toString().toUpperCase().substring(4, 8)}',
                    style: Theme.of(context).textTheme.body1?.copyWith(
                        color: Theme.of(context).textTheme.caption?.color))
              ],
            ),
            subtitle: Text(value.toString()),
            contentPadding: EdgeInsets.all(0.0),
          ),
          trailing: Row(
            mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.min,
            children: <Widget>[
              IconButton(
                icon: Icon(
                  Icons.file_download,
                  color: Theme.of(context).iconTheme.color?.withOpacity(0.5),
                ),
                onPressed: onReadPressed,
              ),
              IconButton(
                icon: Icon(Icons.file_upload,
                    color: Theme.of(context).iconTheme.color?.withOpacity(0.5)),
                onPressed: onWritePressed,
              ),
              IconButton(
                icon: Icon(
                    characteristic.isNotifying
                        ? Icons.sync_disabled
                        : Icons.sync,
                    color: Theme.of(context).iconTheme.color?.withOpacity(0.5)),
                onPressed: onNotificationPressed,
              )
            ],
          ),
          children: descriptorTiles,
        );
      },
    );
  }
}

class DescriptorTile extends StatelessWidget {
  final BluetoothDescriptor descriptor;
  final VoidCallback? onReadPressed;
  final VoidCallback? onWritePressed;

  const DescriptorTile(
      {Key? key,
      required this.descriptor,
      this.onReadPressed,
      this.onWritePressed})
      : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ListTile(
      title: Column(
        mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
        crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.start,
        children: <Widget>[
          Text('Descriptor'),
          Text('0x${descriptor.uuid.toString().toUpperCase().substring(4, 8)}',
              style: Theme.of(context)
                  .textTheme
                  .body1
                  ?.copyWith(color: Theme.of(context).textTheme.caption?.color))
        ],
      ),
      subtitle: StreamBuilder<List<int>>(
        stream: descriptor.value,
        initialData: descriptor.lastValue,
        builder: (c, snapshot) => Text(snapshot.data.toString()),
      ),
      trailing: Row(
        mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.min,
        children: <Widget>[
          IconButton(
            icon: Icon(
              Icons.file_download,
              color: Theme.of(context).iconTheme.color?.withOpacity(0.5),
            ),
            onPressed: onReadPressed,
          ),
          IconButton(
            icon: Icon(
              Icons.file_upload,
              color: Theme.of(context).iconTheme.color?.withOpacity(0.5),
            ),
            onPressed: onWritePressed,
          )
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

class AdapterStateTile extends StatelessWidget {
  const AdapterStateTile({Key? key, required this.state}) : super(key: key);

  final BluetoothState state;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Container(
      color: Colors.redAccent,
      child: ListTile(
        title: Text(
          'Bluetooth adapter is ${state.toString().substring(15)}',
          style: Theme.of(context).primaryTextTheme.subhead,
        ),
        trailing: Icon(
          Icons.error,
          color: Theme.of(context).primaryTextTheme.subhead?.color,
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

please help me!!!

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